Glossary Entry: Embolectomy Catheter

Overview

Definition: An embolectomy catheter is a medical device designed for the removal of emboli or blood clots from blood vessels. It is primarily used to restore blood flow in cases of vascular occlusion due to embolism.

Detailed Description

Types and Variations

Variations: Embolectomy catheters come in various sizes and lengths to accommodate different vessel sizes and locations within the body. They may also have different tip designs and mechanisms for capturing and removing embolic material.

Indications

Common Uses: The embolectomy catheter is commonly used in cases of acute arterial occlusion, such as in the treatment of acute limb ischemia or pulmonary embolism.

Insertion and Placement

Procedure: The embolectomy catheter is inserted percutaneously under fluoroscopic guidance, and advanced through the vascular system to the site of the occlusion. The device is then manipulated to capture and remove the embolic material, restoring blood flow.

Clinical Considerations

Potential Complications

Risks: Potential complications associated with embolectomy catheter use include vessel injury, embolization of captured material, and risk of thrombus formation.

Care and Maintenance

Maintenance Requirements: Proper care and maintenance of the embolectomy catheter involves thorough cleaning and sterilization between uses to prevent infection and ensure its effectiveness.

Additional Information

Related Devices

Associated Terms: Related devices include thrombectomy devices, angioplasty balloons, and stent retrievers, which are often used in conjunction with embolectomy catheters in the treatment of vascular occlusions.

Innovations and Advancements

Recent Developments: Advances in embolectomy catheter technology include improved navigational features, enhanced visualization capabilities, and the development of specialized catheters for specific vascular territories.

Regulatory and Safety Notes

Regulations: It is essential to adhere to regulatory guidelines and safety precautions when using embolectomy catheters to ensure patient safety and optimal clinical outcomes.