Glossary Entry: High-Pressure Balloon Catheter

Overview

Definition: A medical device used in procedures to dilate narrowed or blocked blood vessels, typically in the heart or other parts of the body. The high-pressure balloon catheter is designed to deliver controlled and precise inflation to the balloon, allowing for the restoration of blood flow in the affected area.

Detailed Description

Types and Variations

Variations: High-pressure balloon catheters may vary in size and design, with specific models tailored for different applications such as angioplasty or stent placement.

Indications

Common Uses: This device is commonly used in percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) to treat coronary artery disease, as well as in peripheral vascular interventions to address peripheral artery disease.

Insertion and Placement

Procedure: The high-pressure balloon catheter is inserted into the blood vessel over a guidewire and positioned at the site of the blockage. The balloon is then inflated to compress the plaque and open up the vessel, restoring proper blood flow.

Clinical Considerations

Potential Complications

Risks: Potential complications of using a high-pressure balloon catheter include vessel dissection, perforation, or rupture, as well as thrombosis or embolism formation.

Care and Maintenance

Maintenance Requirements: Proper care and maintenance of the device include ensuring proper storage conditions, checking for integrity before each use, and following manufacturer recommendations for cleaning and sterilization.

Additional Information

Related Devices

Associated Terms: Other devices commonly used in conjunction with high-pressure balloon catheters include guidewires, introducer sheaths, and imaging technologies like fluoroscopy.

Innovations and Advancements

Recent Developments: Recent advancements in high-pressure balloon catheter technology include improved balloon materials for better compliance and durability, as well as advanced inflation control systems for more precise dilation.

Regulatory and Safety Notes

Regulations: High-pressure balloon catheters are subject to regulatory oversight by health authorities to ensure their safety, efficacy, and quality standards are met for patient use.

FAQS

Q1: What is a high-pressure balloon catheter?

A1: A high-pressure balloon catheter is a medical device used in procedures to dilate narrowed or blocked blood vessels, typically in the heart or other parts of the body.

Q2: What are the common uses of a high-pressure balloon catheter?

A2: The device is commonly used in percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) to treat coronary artery disease, as well as in peripheral vascular interventions to address peripheral artery disease.

Q3: How is a high-pressure balloon catheter inserted and placed?

A3: The catheter is inserted into the blood vessel over a guidewire and positioned at the site of the blockage. The balloon is then inflated to compress the plaque and open up the vessel, restoring proper blood flow.

Q4: What are the potential complications of using a high-pressure balloon catheter?

A4: Potential complications include vessel dissection, perforation, rupture, thrombosis, or embolism formation.

Q5: What are the maintenance requirements for a high-pressure balloon catheter?

A5: Proper care and maintenance include ensuring proper storage conditions, checking for integrity before each use, and following manufacturer recommendations for cleaning and sterilization.

Q6: What are some related devices used with high-pressure balloon catheters?

A6: Other devices commonly used in conjunction include guidewires, introducer sheaths, and imaging technologies like fluoroscopy.

Q7: What recent advancements have been made in high-pressure balloon catheter technology?

A7: Recent developments include improved balloon materials for better compliance and durability, as well as advanced inflation control systems for more precise dilation.

Q8: What regulatory oversight do high-pressure balloon catheters undergo?

A8: These catheters are subject to regulatory oversight by health authorities to ensure safety, efficacy, and quality standards are met for patient use.

Q9: How do high-pressure balloon catheters vary in size and design?

A9: Different models are tailored for specific applications such as angioplasty or stent placement, with variations in size and design.

Q10: How does a high-pressure balloon catheter restore blood flow in affected areas?

A10: The controlled and precise inflation of the balloon allows for the compression of plaque and opening up of the vessel, restoring proper blood flow.