Glossary Entry: Suprapubic Catheter


Definition: A suprapubic catheter is a tube inserted into the bladder through the abdomen, allowing for the drainage of urine. This method is commonly used in medical practice for individuals who require long-term catheterization due to neurogenic bladder, urinary retention, or other urinary issues.

Detailed Description

Types and Variations

Variations: Suprapubic catheters come in various sizes and materials, offering flexibility in choosing the most suitable option for individual patient needs. Some variations may include catheters with different balloon capacities or specific designs tailored to patient comfort and anatomy.


Common Uses: This catheter is commonly used in patients with spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, or other conditions that affect bladder function and require continuous drainage of urine. It is also utilized in cases where long-term urinary catheterization is necessary.

Insertion and Placement

Procedure: The correct insertion and placement of a suprapubic catheter involve a surgical procedure performed under local or general anesthesia. The urologist makes a small incision in the lower abdomen, creating a passage for the catheter to be inserted directly into the bladder. The catheter is then secured and connected to a drainage bag for urine collection.

Clinical Considerations

Potential Complications

Risks: Potential complications associated with suprapubic catheterization include infection, bladder injury, or catheter blockage. Proper hygiene and regular medical follow-ups are essential to minimize these risks.

Care and Maintenance

Maintenance Requirements: Regular cleaning and care of the catheter site, along with appropriate hydration and bladder management, are crucial for maintaining the integrity and function of the suprapubic catheter.

Additional Information

Related Devices

Associated Terms: Accessories such as catheter drainage bags and securing devices are commonly used in conjunction with suprapubic catheters to ensure proper urine collection and catheter stability.

Innovations and Advancements

Recent Developments: Recent advancements in suprapubic catheter technology include antimicrobial catheter materials and improved catheter design to reduce the risk of infection and enhance patient comfort.

Regulatory and Safety Notes

Regulations: Healthcare providers should adhere to strict guidelines for the insertion and management of suprapubic catheters to ensure patient safety and minimize the risk of complications. Regulatory considerations may include proper training for medical staff and adherence to infection control protocols.